New CSA Standard for Machinery Electrical Equipment

Electrical Equipment of Machinery

Machinery electrical equipment
Industrial electrical control panels

Most modern machinery is controlled electrically, or electronically. There are a number of standards that apply to the design of control systems for machinery, with IEC 60204-1 and it’s EN equivalent, along with IEC 61439-1 and IEC 61439-2 as the predominant standards internationally, and NFPA 79 as the predominant standard in the US and Canada. Until now.

CSA C22.2 No. 301, Industrial Electrical Machinery

In 2014, a project was started to develop a new Canadian Electrical Code Part 2 standard focused on the electrical equipment of machines. There were already two Part 2 standards in existence that covered Industrial Control panels, but not specifically controls associated with machinery: CSA C22.2 No. 14, Industrial Control Equipment, and CSA C22.2 No. 286, Industrial control panels and assemblies.

This new standard, entitled “Industrial Electrical Machinery”, is aimed at the same types of equipment covered by NFPA 79 and IEC 60204-1. Here’s the scope of the new standard:

1 Scope

1.1

This standard applies to interconnected mechanical systems of industrial electrical and electronic equipment operating in a coordinated manner.

1.2

This standard applies to equipment rated at not more than 1000 V intended to be installed and used in non-hazardous locations in accordance with the rules of the Canadian Electrical Code, Part I.

1.3

This standard applies to equipment that is:

  • permanently installed
  • mobile
  • relocatable, or
  • self powered.

1.4

The industrial equipment covered by this Standard is intended for use in an ambient temperature of 0 °C to 40 °C.

1.5

This standard does not specify additional and special requirements that can apply to electrical equipment that:

  • is intended for use in open air (i.e. outside buildings or other protective structures);
  • will use, process, or produce potentially explosive material (for example paint or sawdust);
  • is intended for use in potentially explosive and/or flammable atmospheres;
  • has special risks when producing or using certain materials;
  • is intended for use in mines

1.6

This standard does not apply to equipment portable by hand while working

1.7

This standard does not apply to self-propelled work platforms

1.8

This standard does not specify additional and special requirements that can apply to electrical welding equipment within the scope of CSA C22.2 No. 60 or CSA/CAN E60974-1

1.9

This standard may be used to supplement but does not replace requirements that already exist in a published CSA component standard

If you are interested in seeing the rest of this standard before it’s published, you’re in luck! It’s available on CSA’s Public Review site until 6-Aug-16. You can read and comment on the document using that system, and all of your comments will be reviewed and dealt with by the task group that created the document. If you are not already registered there, you will have to set up a free account, but that only takes a couple of minutes to do. That also gives you access to all of the other standards that are out for public review, so if your interests are broader than just electrical or machinery, you can have a look at any of the others as well.

Is No. 301 needed?

I question the need for this standard, as I believe that the existing standards already cover this type of machinery more than adequately and that all CSA needed to do was adopt IEC 60204-1 and IEC 61439, however, at this point, I am one lone voice.

If you agree with me, please make your voice heard through CSA’s Public Review system. On the other hand, if you like what the document is about, then please support it.

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The Brexit Vote and CE Marking: What’s it going to mean for Canadian Exporters?

Shocked and Amazed by Brexit

UK and EU Flags against a blue sky during the Brexit VoteThis morning I am shocked and amazed to learn that one of the founders of the European Union has chosen to leave that Union. Joining the EEC in 1973, the UK and other European countries moved toward the formation of the EU, first as an economic treaty, and eventually as a political union. Today, the separation begins.

What now?

Starting today, the UK will need to determine how best to get its house in order before triggering Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty. This is expected to take at least a couple of years. In that time, there is a possibility that Scotland may hold another exit referendum from the UK, and may then choose to apply to join the EU. This may also happen in Ireland, further diminishing the size of the UK. We will have to wait and see what these countries will choose to do in coming months.

What effect does this have on Canadian and US Exporters?

If you export to the EU and you have European branch offices in the UK and other European countries, the exit of the UK from the EU will have little effect, other than on the question of language. Unless Scotland or Ireland choose to leave the UK and join the EU, AND they choose to include English as one of their official languages, it’s possible that English may no longer be an official language of the European Union. This could mean that instructions, manuals, operator screens, hazard warnings and other text-based information on your products that are provided primarily in English may no longer be permitted.

If you are using the services of a company that provides services to “compile the technical file” for your product, and that company is located in the UK, you will have to find another company to provide these services. This would also be true for companies using services of company acting as Authorized Representatives. Again, I recommend taking a deep breath and waiting to see what Scotland and Ireland will do.

If a change in Authorized Representative, or person “authorised to compile” is required, this will also impact the information on the nameplates on your products since the Authorized Representative’s or person-authorised-to-compile’s name and contact coordinates must be on the nameplate along with the manufacturer’s information. This same change will also be required on the product Declaration of Conformity or Incorporation.

What now?

Young Woman Meditating on the grassTake a deep breath. Wait.

We need to give the UK and the EU some time to determine how they are going to organise their divorce. This is a world changing decision, and the changes will not be done without due care and attention. In the mean time, we must watch and wait. Here at Compliance inSight Consulting and the Machinery Safety 101 blog, we will be watching and talking to our colleagues in Europe, and we will keep you up to date as we know more.

Now, with me… breathe deeply…

New Directions in Plastics Machinery

Canada’s Participation in ISO TC 270

SCC Standards Council of Canada LogoIn February of 2016, Canada formed the SCC Mirror Committee (SMC) to ISO TC 270, Rubber and Plastics Machinery. This international technical committee is currently developing ISO 20430, the first international plastic injection moulding machine standard. Until the publication of ISO 20430, two standards have been fighting for dominance: EN 201, Plastics and rubber machines — Injection moulding machines — Safety requirements, and ANSI B151.1, American National Standard for Plastics Machinery – Horizontal Injection Moulding Machines – Safety Requirements for manufacture, Care and Use.

Canada has a strong plastic and rubber industry, with key equipment manufacturers like Athena Automation, Husky Injection Molding Systems, Mold Masters and GN Plastics among others producing world class machinery for the industry. The industry is represented nationally by the Canadian Plastics Industry Association. Despite this, Canada has never had its own standard for this type of machinery.

Involvement in ISO TC 270 allows Canada’s plastics industry to have a voice in developing the international standards for the machinery they design and build, and which ever more commonly, they buy and use.

The committee needs your help to know which way Canadian industry wants us to focus our efforts as the work on ISO 20430 wraps up in coming months. We have a short survey, just three questions long, where you can rank five possible topics we can focus on. We will be submitting our committee vote in early August on the topic, so you have a month or so to answer the questionnaire. Let us know your preferences.

Why now?

ISO LogoUntil the publication of ISO 20430, two standards have been fighting for dominance: EN 201 in Europe, and ANSI B151.1 in North America. Until the relatively recent formation of ISO TC 270 in 2012, there were NO international standards for this type of machinery. While there have been some efforts to harmonise the European and ANSI standards, there are still some significant gaps between these standards. In addition, ANSI’s B151 committee has a number of additional standards for auxiliary equipment for items like robots designed to unload molds, that are not directly addressed in EN standards.

Canada was given a chance to participate through our ongoing friendship with ANSI and the USA, so between 2012 and 2015, Canadian delegates attended ISO TC 270 working group meetings informally, and put Canada’s perspective forward through the US ANSI TAG committee, but in 2016 it became clear that we needed to form our own committee. If you are involved in the industry and you are a member of one of these general groups and would like to get involved with standards development, please go to our recruiting page and join us!

Committee Membership Matrix

Matrix Category Min Max Current
Total  15  25  6
Producer Interest (PI) 3 5 3
User Interest, Management (UM) 3 5 1
User Interest, Labour (UL) 3 5 0
Regulatory Authority (RA) 3 5 1
General Interest (GI) 3 5 1

As you can see from the table, we need members in every group except the producers to meet our intended balance.

Definitions of the Categories

Producer Interest (PI) — Machine builders, Auxiliary Equipment Manufacturers, Consultants, and Engineering Companies providing for-profit services related to plastics and rubber machinery.

User Interest, Labour (UL) — Canadian labour unions, labour organizations, and individual workers located at Canadian workplaces.

User Interest, Management (UM) — Trade associations, companies, contractors, and organizations representing companies engaged in work performed in Canada.

Regulatory Authorities (RA) — OHS provincial and federal regulatory bodies (labour and electrical).

General Interest (GI) — Safety associations, research organizations, institutions, and non-commercial consultants who have expertise in the subject area.

We need your help!

CAC ISO TC 270 needs your help!

Can you volunteer some time? Sign up!

Can you help direct us? Answer our questionnaire!

Need more information? Contact Doug Nix!