The Importance of Best Practice Product Safety Label Standards
Product safety labels serve an important role. They protect both users and manufacturers. Manufacturers are concerned with building products and protecting themselves from liability lawsuits. Users are concerned about buying safe products. Manufacturers are also concerned with meeting the legal requirements for product labelling in their markets.
As a product manufacturer, your legal obligation is to meet or exceed the current versions of standards related to your products. Regulatory compliance often hinges on meeting current standards. Many jurisdictions use compliance with the latest standards to gauge manufacturers’ efforts to meet best practices and legal requirements.
While keeping your product safety label designs up-to-date is not always a simple task, using the principal product safety label standards for the design and layout of your labels is key to fulfilling this requirement. Clarion’s Safety Label Assessment Service can help get you on track if you are unsure about your product safety label designs.
Principal Product Safety Label Standards
In the U.S., the standard to look at is the ANSI Z535.4 Standard for Product Safety Signs and Labels . Internationally, the primary standard for reference is ISO 3864-2 Graphical symbols — Safety colours and safety signs — Part 2: Design principles for product safety labels . As Canada does not have a product safety label standard, following the design principles in ANSI Z535.4 or ISO 3864-2 will give you a starting point for both content and format choices for your product safety labels (bearing in mind any language requirements for your jurisdiction.) Canada’s electrical safety standards often include mandatory markings that may not conform to either  or . Check your product’s relevant standard(s) and ensure it conforms to the requirements.
Recent ANSI and ISO Standards Changes
The ANSI Z535.4 and ISO 3864-2 product safety label standards are revised according to ANSI and ISO procedures, typically every five years. ANSI Z535.4 is in the process of being balloted for reaffirmation without changes. If that occurs, the new version will be identical to the 2011 standard.
ISO 3864-2 was updated in December 2016. The revision included significant modifications to its content, including several changes to the label formats it allows. It is important to be aware of these changes and to understand why one label format may be more appropriate for your product than another.
Focusing on ISO 3864-2:2016
In the latest version of the ISO 3864-2 product safety label standard, there are two major changes to ISO label formats:
- The product safety label format that used a single safety symbol without an ISO-colored surround shape was removed from the standard. From the ISO 3864-2 standard’s perspective, and as defined in the standard’s first edition, product safety labels must use at least one ISO-formatted safety symbol (meaning, the symbol is placed in an ISO 3864-colored surround shape) in addition to the “general warning sign” that serves as the safety alert symbol on the label’s severity level panel. Non-ISO-formatted symbols can still be used on product safety labels, but only in addition to one or more ISO-formatted symbols. ISO 3864-2 defines these safety symbols as “supplementary.”
- A new “wordless” format that conveys risk severity was added to the standard. This new product safety label format uses what ISO 3864-2 defines as a “hazard severity panel” without a signal word. The panel appearing at the top of the label communicates the level of risk through color-coding and the use of the ISO-formatted general warning symbol. This format option, already in use by a wide variety of product manufacturers, eliminates words — making translations unnecessary.
Next Steps for Your Labels
It is important to know that the changes made in ISO 3864-2 are significant. The changes open new format possibilities that can help companies better warn their users about hazards associated with their products. These changes make it a good time to reevaluate your labels.
Check to see if
- they continue to meet your market’s requirements and
- whether the “wordless” format makes sense for your labelling.
The ISO product safety label standard provides new options for conveying your safety message. The standard revision is an opportunity to fully refresh your labels, reviewing their content and format in line with your product’s risk assessment and market requirements.
For more information on effective product safety labelling and resources you can use today, visit www.clarionsafety.com. Clarion also offers complimentary safety label assessments, using our experience with the latest standards and best practices to assess your labels and ensure that they are up-to-date in meeting today’s requirements.
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