Machinery Safety 101

Using Form C relays in safety circuits

I recently had a dis­cus­sion with a col­league who wanted to know if it was OK for a design to include a form C relay in an e‑stop cir­cuit. You might recall that e‑stop func­tions…

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Safe Drive Control including Safe Torque Off (STO)

Graph illustrating STO Function
This entry is part 12 of 16 in the series Emer­gency Stop

Ed. Note: This art­icle was revised 25-Jul-17 to include inform­a­tion on safe stand­still. Safe Drive Con­trol includ­ing STO Motor drives are every­where. From DC vari­able speed drives and index­ing drives,…

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How to do a 13849 – 1 analysis: Complete Reference List

This entry is part 8 of 9 in the series How to do a 13849 – 1 ana­lys­is

Post updated 2019-07-24. Ed. As prom­ised in pre­vi­ous posts, here is the com­plete ref­er­ence list for the series “How to do a 13849 – 1 ana­lys­is”! If you have any addi­tion­al resources you…

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ISO 13849 – 1 Analysis — Part 8: Fault Exclusion

This entry is part 9 of 9 in the series How to do a 13849 – 1 ana­lys­is

Post updated 2019-07-24. Ed. Fault Con­sid­er­a­tion & Fault Exclu­sion ISO 13849 – 1, Chapter 7 [1, 7] dis­cusses the need for fault con­sid­er­a­tion and fault exclu­sion. Fault con­sid­er­a­tion is the pro­cess of examin­ing the…

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ISO 13849 – 1 Analysis — Part 7: Safety-Related Software

General architecture model of software
This entry is part 7 of 9 in the series How to do a 13849 – 1 ana­lys­is

Post updated 2019-07-24. Ed. Safety-Related Soft­ware Up to this point, I have been dis­cuss­ing the basic pro­cesses used for the design of safety-related parts of con­trol sys­tems. The under­ly­ing assump­tion is…

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ISO 13849 – 1 Analysis — Part 3: Architectural Category Selection

This entry is part 3 of 9 in the series How to do a 13849 – 1 ana­lys­is

Post updated 2019-07-24. Ed. At this point, you have com­pleted the risk assess­ment, assigned required Per­form­ance Levels to each safety func­tion, and developed the Safety Require­ment Spe­cific­a­tion for each safety…

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ISO 13849 – 1 Analysis — Part 2: Safety Requirement Specification

This entry is part 2 of 9 in the series How to do a 13849 – 1 ana­lys­is

This art­icle was updated 2019-07-24. Ed. Devel­op­ing the Safety Require­ment Spe­cific­a­tion The Safety Require­ment Spe­cific­a­tion sounds pretty heavy, but actu­ally, it is just a big name for a way to organ­ize the…

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ISO 13849 – 1 Analysis — Part 1: Start with Risk Assessment

This entry is part 1 of 9 in the series How to do a 13849 – 1 ana­lys­is

This post was updated 2019-07-24 I often get ques­tions from cli­ents about how to get star­ted on Func­tion­al Safety using ISO 13849. This art­icle is the first in a series that will…

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Testing Emergency Stop Systems

This entry is part 11 of 16 in the series Emer­gency Stop

I’ve had a num­ber of ques­tions from read­ers regard­ing test­ing of emer­gency stop sys­tems, and par­tic­u­larly with the fre­quency of test­ing. I addressed the types of tests that might be needed in…

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CSA Z432 Safeguarding of Machinery – 3rd Edition

If you build machinery for the Cana­dian mar­ket, or if you modi­fy equip­ment in Cana­dian work­places, you will be famil­i­ar with CSA Z432, Safe­guard­ing of Machinery. This stand­ard has been…

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