Machinery Safety 101

Force and injury — How hard is too hard? ISO 21260 will help

ISO/TS 15066 body model
This entry is part 5 of 5 in the series Hier­archy of Con­trols

Force rep­res­ents the mech­an­ic­al energy that causes injury to the human body. ISO/TC 199 has been work­ing on answer­ing that ques­tion since 2012.

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Instructions for Use – the New ISO 20607

Instruc­tions are one of the basic items that users expect to get when they pur­chase a product, and yet these import­ant doc­u­ments are often poorly writ­ten, badly trans­lated, and incom­plete. Key product fea­tures are badly described, and inform­a­tion on fea­tures, set­tings and haz­ards may be absent. All of this des­pite the fact that the min­im­um require­ments…

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ISO 13849 – 1 Analysis — Part 8: Fault Exclusion

This entry is part 9 of 9 in the series How to do a 13849 – 1 ana­lys­is

Post updated 2019-07-24. Ed. Fault Con­sid­er­a­tion & Fault Exclu­sion ISO 13849 – 1, Chapter 7 [1, 7] dis­cusses the need for fault con­sid­er­a­tion and fault exclu­sion. Fault con­sid­er­a­tion is the pro­cess of examin­ing the com­pon­ents and sub-sys­tems used in the safety-related part of the con­trol sys­tem (SRP/CS) and mak­ing a list of all the faults that could occur in each…

ISO 13849 – 1 Analysis — Part 5: Diagnostic Coverage (DC)

A graph showing the theoretical "bathtub curve" for product failure rate over the lifetime of the product.
This entry is part 5 of 9 in the series How to do a 13849 – 1 ana­lys­is

Post updated 2019-07-24. Ed. What is Dia­gnost­ic Cov­er­age? Under­stand­ing Dia­gnost­ic Cov­er­age (DC) as it is used in ISO 13849 – 1 [1] is crit­ic­al to ana­lys­ing the design of any safety func­tion assessed using this stand­ard. In case you missed a pre­vi­ous part of the series, you can read it here. In the last instal­ment of this series dis­cuss­ing…

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ISO 13849 – 1 Analysis — Part 4: MTTFD – Mean Time to Dangerous Failure

This entry is part 4 of 9 in the series How to do a 13849 – 1 ana­lys­is

Post updated 2019-07-24. Ed. Func­tion­al safety is all about the like­li­hood of a safety sys­tem fail­ing to oper­ate when you need it. Under­stand­ing Mean Time to Dan­ger­ous Fail­ure, or MTTFD, is crit­ic­al. If you have been read­ing about this top­ic at all, you may notice that I am abbre­vi­at­ing Mean Time to Dan­ger­ous Fail­ure with all cap­it­al…

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ISO 13849 – 1 Analysis — Part 3: Architectural Category Selection

This entry is part 3 of 9 in the series How to do a 13849 – 1 ana­lys­is

Post updated 2019-07-24. Ed. At this point, you have com­pleted the risk assess­ment, assigned required Per­form­ance Levels to each safety func­tion, and developed the Safety Require­ment Spe­cific­a­tion for each safety func­tion. Next, you need to con­sider three aspects of the sys­tem design: Archi­tec­tur­al Cat­egory, Chan­nel Mean Time to Dan­ger­ous Fail­ure (MTTFD), and Dia­gnost­ic Cov­er­age (DCavg). In…

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ISO 13849 – 1 Analysis — Part 2: Safety Requirement Specification

This entry is part 2 of 9 in the series How to do a 13849 – 1 ana­lys­is

This art­icle was updated 2019-07-24. Ed. Devel­op­ing the Safety Require­ment Spe­cific­a­tion The Safety Require­ment Spe­cific­a­tion sounds pretty heavy, but actu­ally, it is just a big name for a way to organ­ize the inform­a­tion you need to have to ana­lyze and design the safety sys­tems for your machinery. Note that I am assum­ing that you are doing this in…

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Presence Sensing Devices – Reaching over sensing fields

This entry is part 2 of 7 in the series Guards and Guard­ing

I recently heard about an applic­a­tion ques­tion related to a light cur­tain where a small gap exis­ted at the top of the sens­ing field, between the last beam in the field and the sur­round­ing struc­ture of the machine. There was some con­cern raised about the gap, and wheth­er or not addi­tion­al guard­ing might be needed to close the gap.…

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Do you use ISO 13849 or IEC 62061? We need to hear from you! UPDATED

Do you use ISO 13849 – 1 or IEC 62061 to define and ana­lyze the safety related parts of the con­trol sys­tems used on your machinery? Have you been frus­trated by try­ing to apply these stand­ards? Good news! ISO and IEC are work­ing on mer­ging these doc­u­ments, but the com­mit­tee work­ing on the mer­ger needs some guid­ance from…

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Get the Basics Right!

For more than 15 years I’ve been teach­ing people about risk assess­ment, machinery safety and CE Mark­ing of machinery in private, onsite classes and through present­a­tions at safety con­fer­ences. Things are about to change! This fall, Com­pli­ance InSight Con­sult­ing will begin offer­ing open-enrol­­ment work­shops in CE Mark­ing, Risk Assess­ment Func­tion­al Safety, and Machinery Safety, all with a focus…

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