Machinery Safety 101

Best Practices on Conveyor Safety


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Own­er: Doug Nix

Ver­sion: 1.0

Last Updated: 2019-05-01 9:26

bp.008_Best Practices in Conveyor Belt Safety.pdf

Each year, phys­ic­al con­tact with machines and powered equip­ment accounts for a sig­ni­fic­ant num­ber of life-alter­­ing injur­ies and fatal­it­ies. A num­ber of these incid­ents involve con­vey­or sys­tems. The major­ity of these incid­ents occur dur­ing main­ten­ance activ­it­ies with con­vey­ors still in oper­a­tion and danger zones unprotected.

Pre­vent­ive meas­ures should be imple­men­ted in order for work on or near con­vey­ors to be per­formed safely. Right from the design stage, work­er expos­ure to haz­ards should be con­trolled by redu­cing the fre­quency of con­vey­or clean-ups, con­vey­or main­ten­ance, remov­al of jams, etc. This guide to best prac­tices sug­gests pos­sible pre­vent­ive meas­ures, but it is by no means exhaust­ive. In many situ­ations, haz­ards must be ana­lyzed before any pre­vent­ive meas­ures are implemented.

This guide is com­posed of two sec­tions. Sec­tion I provides defin­i­tions, a gen­er­al idea of con­vey­or com­pon­ents, an over­view of mech­an­ic­al haz­ards and inform­a­tion about haz­ard assess­ment and reduc­tion. Sec­tion II cov­ers safe­guards against haz­ards dur­ing the oper­a­tion and main­ten­ance of con­vey­or sys­tems, and related work­er training.

Appen­dices provide details on guard design, applic­able Alberta legis­la­tion, con­vey­or safety check­lists, inspec­tion guidelines and an over­view of con­­vey­or-related acci­dents in Alberta.

The list of sci­entif­ic works used in the pro­duc­tion of the ori­gin­al French-lan­guage ver­sion, namely a num­ber of Cana­dian, European and/or inter­na­tion­al stand­ards, reg­u­la­tions and best prac­tice guidelines, is presen­ted in the Bib­li­o­graphy. As well, a Ref­er­ences sec­tion provides sources for inform­a­tion on con­vey­ors and machine safety.

The guide is inten­ded to be used as a best prac­tices ref­er­ence doc­u­ment for safety around con­vey­or sys­tems. It is dir­ec­ted mainly to work­ers, tech­ni­cians, super­visors, joint health and safety com­mit­tee mem­bers and oth­er inter­ested parties.

This guide ref­er­ences the Alberta Occu­pa­tion­al Health and Safety (OH&S) legis­la­tion of 2009. If any con­flicts are found between this guide and the legis­la­tion, the cur­rent legis­la­tion will always prevail.

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