Machinery Safety 101

Interlock Architectures – Pt. 1: What do those categories really mean?

Basic Stop/Start Circuit
This entry is part 1 of 8 in the series Cir­cuit Archi­tec­tures Explored

In 1995 CEN pub­lished an import­ant stand­ard for machine build­ers – EN 954 – 1, Safety of Machinery – Safety Related Parts of Con­trol Sys­tems – Part 1: Gen­er­al Prin­ciples for Design. This stand­ard set the stage for defin­ing con­trol reli­ab­il­ity in machinery safe­guard­ing sys­tems, intro­du­cing the Reli­ab­il­ity cat­egor­ies that have become ubi­quit­ous. So what do these cat­egor­ies mean, and how are they applied under the latest machinery stand­ard, ISO 13849 – 1?

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Interlock Architectures – Pt. 2: Category 1

This entry is part 2 of 8 in the series Cir­cuit Archi­tec­tures Explored

This art­icle expands on the first in the series “Inter­lock Archi­tec­tures – Pt. 1: What do those cat­egor­ies really mean?”. Learn about the basic cir­cuit archi­tec­tures that under­lie all safety inter­lock sys­tems under ISO 13849 – 1, and CSA Z432 and ANSI RIA R15.06.

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Interlock Architectures – Pt. 3: Category 2

ISO 13849-1 Figure 10
This entry is part 3 of 8 in the series Cir­cuit Archi­tec­tures Explored

This art­icle explores the require­ments for safety related con­trol sys­tems meet­ing ISO 13849 – 1 Cat­egory 2 require­ments. “Gotcha!” points in the defin­i­tion are high­lighted to help design­ers avoid this com­mon pit­falls.

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Interlock Architectures – Pt. 4: Category 3 – Control Reliable

Category 3 Architecture Logic Block Diagram
This entry is part 4 of 8 in the series Cir­cuit Archi­tec­tures Explored

This post was updated on 2020-03-28. Cat­egory 3 sys­tem archi­tec­ture is the first cat­egory that could be con­sidered to have sim­il­ar­ity to “Con­trol Reli­able” cir­cuits or sys­tems as was defined in…

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Interlock Architectures – Pt. 5: Category 4 – Control Reliable

This entry is part 5 of 8 in the series Cir­cuit Archi­tec­tures Explored

Ed. note: I’ve made a few updates to this art­icle since it was first pub­lished in 2011, with the most recent on 2020-05-11. – DN – The most reli­able of the…

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Interlock Architectures Pt. 6 – Comparing North American and International Systems

industrial Control Console
This entry is part 6 of 8 in the series Cir­cuit Archi­tec­tures Explored

I’ve now writ­ten six posts, includ­ing this one, on the top­ic of cir­cuit archi­tec­tures for the safety-related parts of con­trol sys­tems. In this post, we’ll com­pare the Inter­na­tion­al and North…

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Inconsistencies in ISO 13849 – 1:2006

This entry is part 7 of 8 in the series Cir­cuit Archi­tec­tures Explored

I’ve writ­ten quite a bit recently on the top­ic of cir­cuit archi­tec­tures under ISO 13849 – 1, and one of my read­ers noticed an incon­sist­ency between the text of the stand­ard and Fig­ure 5,…

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31-Dec-2011 – Are YOU ready?

This entry is part 8 of 8 in the series Cir­cuit Archi­tec­tures Explored

31-Decem­ber-2011 marks a key mile­stone for machine build­ers mar­ket­ing their products in the European Uni­on, the EEA and many of the Can­did­ate States. Func­tion­al Safety takes a pos­it­ive step for­ward with the…

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