Machinery Safety 101

ISO 13849 – 1 Analysis — Part 3: Architectural Category Selection

This entry is part 3 of 9 in the series How to do a 13849 – 1 ana­lys­is

Post updated 2019-07-24. Ed. At this point, you have com­pleted the risk assess­ment, assigned required Per­form­ance Levels to each safety func­tion, and developed the Safety Require­ment Spe­cific­a­tion for each safety func­tion. Next, you need to con­sider three aspects of the sys­tem design: Archi­tec­tur­al Cat­egory, Chan­nel Mean Time to Dan­ger­ous Fail­ure (MTTFD), and Dia­gnost­ic Cov­er­age (DCavg). In…

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ISO 13849 – 1 Analysis — Part 1: Start with Risk Assessment

This entry is part 1 of 9 in the series How to do a 13849 – 1 ana­lys­is

This post was updated 2019-07-24 I often get ques­tions from cli­ents about how to get star­ted on Func­tion­al Safety using ISO 13849. This art­icle is the first in a series that will walk you through the basics of using ISO 13849. Keep in mind that you will need to hold a copy of the 3rd edi­tion of ISO 13849 – 1 [1]…

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Get the Basics Right!

For more than 15 years I’ve been teach­ing people about risk assess­ment, machinery safety and CE Mark­ing of machinery in private, onsite classes and through present­a­tions at safety con­fer­ences. Things are about to change! This fall, Com­pli­ance InSight Con­sult­ing will begin offer­ing open-enrol­­ment work­shops in CE Mark­ing, Risk Assess­ment Func­tion­al Safety, and Machinery Safety, all with a focus…

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How to migrate from EN 954 – 1 to EN ISO 13849 – 1 or EN 62061

Edit­or­’s note – When I read this art­icle on the machinebuilding.net blog, I thought that it was import­ant enough that we should reprint it here. The text includes links to the machinebuilding.net web site. These resources can def­in­itely help you in apply­ing this inform­a­tion. If you have ques­tions that you would like to dis­cuss, please con­tact me and…

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31-Dec-2011 – Are YOU ready?

This entry is part 8 of 8 in the series Cir­cuit Archi­tec­tures Explored

31-Decem­ber-2011 marks a key mile­stone for machine build­ers mar­ket­ing their products in the European Uni­on, the EEA and many of the Can­did­ate States. Func­tion­al Safety takes a pos­it­ive step for­ward with the man­dat­ory applic­a­tion of EN ISO 13849 – 1 and ‑2. As of 1‑Janu­ary-2012, the safety-related parts of the con­trol sys­tems on all machinery bear­ing a CE Mark will be…

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Inconsistencies in ISO 13849 – 1:2006

This entry is part 7 of 8 in the series Cir­cuit Archi­tec­tures Explored

I’ve writ­ten quite a bit recently on the top­ic of cir­cuit archi­tec­tures under ISO 13849 – 1, and one of my read­ers noticed an incon­sist­ency between the text of the stand­ard and Fig­ure 5, the dia­gram that shows how the cat­egor­ies can span one or more Per­form­ance Levels. If you look at Cat­egory 2 in Fig­ure 5, you will notice…

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Interlock Architectures Pt. 6 – Comparing North American and International Systems

industrial Control Console
This entry is part 6 of 8 in the series Cir­cuit Archi­tec­tures Explored

I’ve now writ­ten six posts, includ­ing this one, on the top­ic of cir­cuit archi­tec­tures for the safety-related parts of con­trol sys­tems. In this post, we’ll com­pare the Inter­na­tion­al and North Amer­ic­an sys­tems. This com­par­is­on is not inten­ded to draw con­clu­sions about which is “bet­ter”, but rather to com­pare and con­trast the two sys­tems so that…

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Interlock Architectures – Pt. 5: Category 4 — Control Reliable

This entry is part 5 of 8 in the series Cir­cuit Archi­tec­tures Explored

Ed. note: I’ve made a few updates to this art­icle since it was first pub­lished in 2011, with the most recent today, 6‑Dec-18. – DN – The most reli­able of the five sys­tem archi­tec­tures, Cat­egory 4 is the only archi­tec­ture that uses mul­­tiple-fault tol­er­ant tech­niques to help ensure that com­pon­ent fail­ures do not res­ult in an unac­cept­able…

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Interlock Architectures – Pt. 4: Category 3 – Control Reliable

Category 3 Architecture Logic Block Diagram
This entry is part 4 of 8 in the series Cir­cuit Archi­tec­tures Explored

Cat­egory 3 sys­tem archi­tec­ture is the first cat­egory that could be con­sidered to have sim­il­ar­ity to “Con­trol Reli­able” cir­cuits or sys­tems as defined in the North Amer­ic­an stand­ards. It is not the same as Con­trol Reli­able, but we’ll get to in a sub­sequent post. If you haven’t read the first three posts in this series, you may…

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Missing MTTFd data

Deal­ing with the huge inform­a­tion void that exists while try­ing to com­plete reas­on­able con­trol reli­ab­il­ity assess­ments is a major chal­lenge for every engin­eer or tech­no­lo­gist tasked with this activ­ity. Here are a few thoughts on what to do now, and where things may be going…

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